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Kokain oder Cocain (auch Benzoylecgoninmethylester) ist ein starkes Stimulans und Betäubungsmittel. Es findet weltweit Anwendung als Rauschdroge mit. Koks bezeichnet: Koks, aus Kohle hergestellter Brennstoff; umgangssprachlich Kokain, stimulierende Rauschdroge und Arzneimittel; umgangssprachlich Geld. [1] Wikipedia-Artikel „Kokain“: [1] Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache „​Kokain“: [1] Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Portal „Kokain“: [1] The. levur.co Erowid - Cocaine Die englischsprachige Website ist eine Online-Datenbank mit Informationen zu psychoaktiven Substanzen. Kokain oder Cocain ist ein starkes Stimulans. Als Stimulans definiert die WHO Substanzen, die die.

Wikipedia Kokain

Kokain (auch Cocain, Benzoylecgoninmethylester) ist ein Stimulans, welches aus dem Coca-Strauch. Centralblattfürdie gesammte Therapie 2: , Seite f.,levur.codia.​org/wiki/Kokain.[31] levur.co://levur.co Koks bezeichnet: Koks, aus Kohle hergestellter Brennstoff; umgangssprachlich Kokain, stimulierende Rauschdroge und Arzneimittel; umgangssprachlich Geld. Kokain (auch Cocain, Benzoylecgoninmethylester) ist ein Stimulans, welches aus dem Coca-Strauch. Centralblattfürdie gesammte Therapie 2: , Seite f.,levur.codia.​org/wiki/Kokain.[31] levur.co://levur.co Diese sind unter folgenden Links nachzulesen: levur.co, de.​levur.co, levur.co Stand: 1. Abgerufen URL: levur.co:​Dopingfall_im_Tennis. Abgerufen Der Tagesspiegel () „​Kokain für den.

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Oxford University Press. Imenski prostori Stran Pogovor. Pogled Preberi Uredi Uredi kodo Zgodovina. Wikimedijina zbirka. This process is frequently done with baking soda sodium bicarbonate , water, and a spoon.

Once mixed and heated, the bicarbonate reacts with the hydrochloride of the powder cocaine, forming free base cocaine and carbonic acid H 2 CO 3 in a reversible acid-base reaction.

The heating accelerates the degradation of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide CO 2 and water. Loss of CO 2 prevents the reaction from reversing back to cocaine hydrochloride.

Free base cocaine separates as an oily layer, floating on the top of the now leftover aqueous phase. It is at this point that the oil is picked up rapidly, usually with a pin or long thin object.

This pulls the oil up and spins it, allowing air to set and dry the oil, and allows the maker to roll the oil into the rock-like shape.

Crack cocaine can also be injected intravenously with the same effect as powder cocaine. However, whereas powder cocaine dissolves in water, crack must be dissolved in an acidic solution such as lemon juice containing citric acid or white vinegar containing acetic acid , a process that effectively reverses the original conversion of powder cocaine to crack.

Crack cocaine is commonly used as a recreational drug. Effects of crack cocaine include euphoria , [10] supreme confidence, [11] loss of appetite, [10] insomnia , [10] alertness, [10] increased energy, [10] a craving for more cocaine, [11] and potential paranoia ending after use.

The high usually lasts from 5—10 minutes, [3] [10] after which time dopamine levels in the brain plummet, leaving the user feeling depressed and low.

Because crack is an illicit drug, users may consume impure or fake "bunk" drugs, which may pose additional health risks.

The short-term physiological effects of cocaine include [10] constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils , and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.

Some users of cocaine report feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety. In rare instances, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter.

Like other forms of cocaine, smoking crack can increase heart rate [14] and blood pressure, leading to long-term cardiovascular problems.

Some research suggests that smoking crack or freebase cocaine has additional health risks compared to other methods of taking cocaine.

Many of thes issues relate specifically to the release of methylecgonidine and its effect on the heart, [14] lungs, [15] and liver.

In crack users, acute respiratory symptoms have been reported, sometimes termed "crack lung". Symptoms include fever, coughing up blood and difficulty breathing.

Stimulant drug abuse particularly amphetamine and cocaine can lead to delusional parasitosis aka Ekbom's Syndrome: a mistaken belief they are infested with parasites.

People experiencing these hallucinations might scratch themselves to the extent of serious skin damage and bleeding, especially when they are delirious.

Paranoia and anxiety are among the most common psychological symptoms of crack cocaine use. Psychosis is more closely associated with smoking crack cocaine than intranasal and intravenous use.

Crack baby is a term for a child born to a mother who used crack cocaine during her pregnancy. The threat that cocaine use during pregnancy poses to the fetus is now considered exaggerated.

Many recall that "crack babies", or babies born to mothers who used crack cocaine while pregnant, were at one time written off by many as a lost generation.

They were predicted to suffer from severe, irreversible damage, including reduced intelligence and social skills.

It was later found that this was a gross exaggeration. However, the fact that most of these children appear normal should not be over-interpreted as indicating that there is no cause for concern.

Using sophisticated technologies, scientists are now finding that exposure to cocaine during fetal development may lead to subtle, yet significant, later deficits in some children, including deficits in some aspects of cognitive performance, information-processing, and attention to tasks—abilities that are important for success in school.

There are also warnings about the threat of breastfeeding : The March of Dimes said "it is likely that cocaine will reach the baby through breast milk," and advises the following regarding cocaine use during pregnancy:.

Cocaine use during pregnancy can affect a pregnant woman and her unborn baby in many ways. During the early months of pregnancy, it may increase the risk of miscarriage.

Later in pregnancy, it can trigger preterm labor labor that occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy or cause the baby to grow poorly.

As a result, cocaine-exposed babies are more likely than unexposed babies to be born with low birthweight less than 5. Low-birthweight babies are 20 times more likely to die in their first month of life than normal-weight babies, and face an increased risk of lifelong disabilities such as mental retardation and cerebral palsy.

CNS stimulant Local anesthetic. IUPAC name. Interactive image. This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources.

Please review the contents of the article and add the appropriate references if you can. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed.

See also: Crack cocaine. Main article: Cocaine intoxication. See also: Epigenetics of cocaine addiction. Main article: Freebase chemistry.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Crack cocaine. Main article: Biosynthesis of cocaine. Main article: List of countries by prevalence of cocaine use.

Main article: Cocaine in the United States. Main article: Legal status of cocaine. See also: Cocaine in the United States. Medicine portal.

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Wikipedia Kokain Ein Kokainkonsument läuft Sachau in finden Spielothek Beste leichter Gefahr, eine Alkoholvergiftung zu bekommen als jemand, der Alkohol ohne Beikonsum anderer Drogen trinkt. Im Zielland wird das Kokain dann reextrahiert. City of Denison Iowa. For example, it was injected by Arthur Conan Doyle 's fictional Sherlock Holmesgenerally to offset the boredom he felt when he was not working on a case. Substance abuse: a comprehensive textbook 4th ed. Eine Besonderheit bei langfristigem Kokainmissbrauch ist das Auftreten des sogenannten Dermatozoenwahnsder Überzeugung, https://levur.co/best-online-bonus-casino/split-karte.php sich Insekten unter der eigenen Haut bewegen. Bitte hierzu den Hinweis zu Gesundheitsthemen beachten! Die Ergebnisse fassen die Resultate der Kokainproben von Saferparty source. An der Spitze sind Antwerpen und Amsterdam. Kokain vermindert die subjektiv Blackjack Simulator Wirkung von anderen Drogen wie Alkohol. Für Personen mit vorgeschädigtem Herz-Kreislauf-System ergeben sich aus dem Mischkonsum zusätzliche Gefahren, die über die Summe der Einzelgefahren hinausgehen. In allen Fällen click here eine Kokainexposition sicher nachgewiesen werden. Je mehr Kokain jemand konsumiert, desto weniger Empathie empfindet er und desto eher läuft er Gefahr, in die soziale Isolation zu rutschen. Während die o. Der Europäische Drogenbericht bezieht sich hierzu read more eine Teilauswertung des Global Drug Surveyeine nicht-repräsentative Online-Befragung, wonach unter Beim Rauchen von Crack tritt dann ebenfalls die Kokain-Base aus. Cocaine is smoked by inhaling the vapor produced when solid cocaine is heated to the point that it sublimates. IUPAC ime. Daneben sind CinnamylcocainBenzoylecgonin, Truxilline sowie Tropacain als Nebenalkaloide enthalten. Washington, D. He proceeded to experiment on more info and upon his return to Milan he wrote a paper in which he described the effects. Nach einem Kokainrausch kann es zu einer depressiven Phase kommen Schwarzes Loch. Daher besteht die Gefahr, dass ein unbekanntes Streckmittel enthalten ist, welches unter Umständen gesundheitsschädlich oder sogar tödlich sein kann. Kokain wird in der Leber abgebaut und durch die Nieren ausgeschieden. Insbesondere bei mit Depressionen und Suizidgedanken vorbelasteten Personen kann das Schwarze Loch nach einem Kokainrausch unangenehm sein und Suizidversuche und Klinik-Einweisungen begünstigen. Unter Umständen kann es demnach bereits nach dem ersten Kokainkonsum zu einer psychischen Abhängigkeit kommen. Kokainstreckmittel steht im Verdacht, Hirnschäden zu verursachen: Wer regelmässig Kokain konsumiert, das mit dem Wikipedia Kokain Levamisol gestreckt wurde, zeigt schlechtere kognitive Leistungen und verfügt über eine dünnere Hirnrinde. Diese Zustände können chronisch bleiben. Von einer Vergiftung kann dann gesprochen werden, wenn der Drogenkonsument keine positive Wirkung Wild Mc spürt, erste sichtbare Hinweise sind erweiterte Pupillenleichte KrämpfeKoordinationsstörungenIdentifizierung Ohne My Konto Paysafecard erhöhte Körpertemperatur und Händezittern. Bei den Anwendungen der Kokain-Base Crack, Freebase setzt die Wirkung deutlich schneller innerhalb weniger Sekunden ein und hält zwischen 5 und 20 Minuten an. Https://levur.co/online-casino-spielgeld/quest-spiel.php kann zum Teil noch Wochen später durch Haaruntersuchungen nachgewiesen werden.

Wikipedia Kokain Navigationsmenü

Deutsche Hauptstelle für Suchtfragen e. In der Schwangerschaft führt Kokainkonsum zu Missbildungen am ungeborenen Kind bis hin zu Totgeburten. Die Fachpresse vermeldete in der Zeit laufend neue Therapieanwendungen für Kokain, so etwa der Lancet Das Mittel sei von einem renommierten Arzt des Westminister Hospital erfolgreich gegen seinen Spielothek in GroРЇholthausen finden eingesetzt worden. Wolfes https://levur.co/online-casino-spielgeld/www-kostenlos-spielen.php H. Nach dem Entzug ist eine weitere Medizinische Behandlung zwingend notwendig, um einen Rückfall zu vermeiden. Möglicherweise ist dies die Grundlage dafür, warum die Droge vergleichsweise schnell eine Abhängigkeit erzeugt. Eine Besonderheit bei langfristigem Kokainmissbrauch ist das Auftreten des sogenannten Dermatozoenwahnsder Überzeugung, dass sich Android Handyspiele Kostenlos unter der eigenen Haut bewegen. Durch die Störung der Gefühle für Hunger, Durst, Schlaf und Wachen kann es zu starken Mangelerscheinungen in diesem Bereich kommen; auch das Furchtempfinden kann gestört werden. Hierdurch erhöht sich die Gewinnspanne der am Handel beteiligten Akteure.

Wikipedia Kokain Video

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